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My Family Dental Care

Patient Education

General dentistry | Cosmetic Dentistry | Orthodontics | Periodontics | Oral Surgery | Endodontics | Pediatric Dentistry

Dental fillings
Fillings are used to restore tooth damaged due to decay. The Dentist removes the decayed part of the tooth and then fills it us with a filling material. The most commonly used filling materials are Composite and Amalgam. Composite fillings are made of a kind of resin and are preferred in more visible areas of the teeth as they give the tooth a more white natural color. Amalgam fillings usually consist of silver and mercury. They are more durable and resistant to wear and tear. They however give the tooth a darker color and are more noticeable on the tooth.
 
Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is used to save a tooth that is badly decayed and would otherwise have to be removed. In this procedure the tooth is drilled and the infected nerve, bacteria and other decay is removed and filled with a medicated dental material. After the Root canal treatment is completed a crown or cap is placed on top of the tooth to protect it from breaking and make it fully functional. In some cases it may be a better solution to extraction and usually lasts a lifetime.
 
Cleaning
Cleaning also known as Prophylaxis by Dentists and Hygienists is the removal of plaque, calculus and other bacteria from the surface of the teeth by scaling and polishing it. Cleaning is usually done twice yearly and during this time the dentist also checks for cavities and watch for oral cancer.
 
Sealants
Sealants are a type of resin that is placed on the biting surface of the teeth to prevent them from decay. The back teeth are usually difficult to clean and if not properly cleaned it can cause bacteria and food particles to accumulate in them, which could lead to cavities. By applying sealants on the surface of the teeth the grooves and depressions on the teeth can be sealed to prevent this from happening. Sealants are usually applied to molars, premolars and areas that are susceptible to cavities.
 
Periodontal Therapy
Periodontal therapy is effecting in eliminating bacterial infections that can cause gum disease. It helps control gum inflammation that could lead to destruction of the tissues anchoring teeth to the jawbones. If not done in a timely manner it could cause gingivitis and if not treated could lead to a severe stage known as periodontitis.
 
Dental Bridges
A bridge is used to replace one or more missing teeth. It is a combination of a false tooth and crown and can be placed over an existing tooth or implant. These natural or implanted teeth serve as anchors for the bridge. The replacement tooth is known as pontic and is attached to crowns that cover the natural or implanted teeth.
 
Dentures
Dentures are a set of artificial teeth and can be of two types: Full and Partial and are usually used to replace missing teeth.
Full dentures involve a flesh-colored acrylic base that fits over the gums. The base of the upper denture covers the palate and the lower denture is shaped like a horseshoe to accommodate the tongue. Once all teeth have been extracted the dentist will take an impression of the gums and make dentures accordingly.
Removable or partial dentures comprise of a metal or plastic framework with plastic teeth and gum areas. It includes metal or plastic clasps which hold the denture in place.
 
Teeth Whitening
Teeth whitening is one of the top cosmetic procedure performed in America today. It is ideal for treating discolorations on the enamel and dentin of your teeth. Stains from coffee, tea, and even smoking can be minimized or even eliminated in just one visit. Having your teeth whitened is one of the easiest ways to reinvigorate your smile and brighten your outlook. For more noticeable results, teeth whitening may also be combined with porcelain veneers, dental bonding, porcelain fillings, and other cosmetic dentistry services.
 
Bleaching
Bleaching is a teeth whitening procedure by using oxidizing agents like Hydrogen Peroxide and Carbamide Peroxide. These oxidizing agents when used on the teeth penetrate through the teeth into the enamel and oxidize the stain deposits. Over a period of time the dentin layer lying underneath the enamel s also bleached.
 
Dental Bonding
Dental bonding is used for basic tooth restoration in an attempt to restore the tooth’s natural beauty. During this process a composite filling is first placed on the teeth and thin coat of plastic is used to sculpt the teeth and provide it with shape and color. The plastic is then hardened with the help of a high intensity light and later the surface is finely polished.
 
Full Mouth Rehab
Full mouth rehab involves a comprehensive dental treatment involving different procedures to make your mouth fully functional as well as esthetically beautiful. The type of procedures and time taken may vary depending on each patient’s individual case.
 
Veneers
Veneers are a cosmetic option that can cover a multitude of dental flaws such as Cracks and chips, Discoloration, Wide teeth gaps or Worn Enamel. They are either made of porcelain or composite resin. A small portion of the tooth enamel is removed and the veneer is cemented over it.
 
Porcelain Crowns
A crown is placed on top of a tooth to prevent it from breaking. Teeth that have large fillings are prone to cracking or breaking. A crown, especially if it has metal in it protects a tooth against breaking. Most common crowns utilize a metal lining covered with porcelain that do not appear as natural as light is not able to pass through them as it is through natural teeth. This results in a dark or grey line next to the gum line. Porcelain, all-ceramic non-metal crowns provide a more natural look resulting in a more natural, beautiful smile.
 
Dental Implants
Implants are artificial tooth replacements. A dental implant is a small, sturdy, titanium post that acts as the root structure would for a natural tooth. A dental implant is placed into your upper or lower jaw bone. After the bone has grown around the implant, implants can hold a crown, bridge or over-denture just like roots hold natural teeth in place. Implants are very durable and can last a lifetime.
 
Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
Chipped tooth, grooves or worn edges can come in the way of one having a beautiful smile and affect one’s confidence. Such minor defects can however be polished with the help of several polishing instruments to give teeth a more attractive shape. It is quick, painless and can restore one’s natural smile with minimal invasion.
 
Invisalign
These are clear aligners that can straighten the teeth with incremental number of clear trays.
 
Ceramic braces
Tooth colored brackets with tooth colored wires to conceal the metal mouth look of regular Orthodontic braces.
 
Archwire
The various different wires used for moving and sliding the teeth to bring them into an ideal position in the mouth relative to each other and the skeletal components.
 
Band (orthodontic)
It is like a stainless steel jacket mostly put on the molars to avoid breakage of the regular brackets due to the heavy occlusal forces.
 
Bracket
It is like a handle on the tooth, which is used to move the tooth on the archwire with the help of elastics, and other auxiliaries like open and closed coil springs.
 
Ceramic brackets
Ceramic brackets are tooth colored brackets to avoid the metal look of the regular stainless steel braces- These are the regular braces that come in different shapes, sizes and different philosophies (active and passive).The decision of the choice of brackets is made by the Orthodontist and the patient together.
 
Crowding
It is the misalignment of the teeth due to inadequate availability of the supporting basal bone. It would usually require orthopedics and/or extractions depending upon the patient’s age and facial profile.
 
Accelerated Orthodontics
It is a procedure mostly done by a periodontist to facilitate the acceleration of tooth movement. It accompanies a minimal periodontal surgical procedure to create a state of osteopenia that loosens the bone and thus helps the tooth to move around faster and easier.
 
Debanding
It is the process of taking the orthodontic braces off once the treatment is over.
 
Elastics (rubber bands)
These are one of the auxiliaries used to move the teeth on the archwire.
 
Gingiva
The tissue surrounding the tooth that covers the supporting bone.
 
Headgear
It is an extra oral removable appliance that is worn by the patient to facilitate orthopedic or dental changes in the maxilla.
 
Herbst appliance
It is an intraoral fixed appliance that is placed in the patient’s mouth by the orthodontist to facilitate orthopedics or dental changes in both maxilla and mandible.
 
Imaging
These are the part of diagnostic records for coming up to a diagnosis for orthodontic patients and accordingly devise an optimal treatment plan. Examples-Panoramic x-ray, lateral x-ray or/and a CBCT scan.
 
Lingual
The inner sides of the tooth close to the tongue.
 
Lingual appliances
These are the braces on the inner side of the teeth close to the tongue that are practically concealed.
 
Orthognathic surgery
This is the surgical procedure performed by an Oral Surgeon to improve the functional and esthetic outcome of an orthodontic treatment that would otherwise be impossible to achieve by orthopedics or orthodontics alone. It is mostly done for adults.
 
Overbite
It is the dept up to which the upper anterior (incisors) teeth cover the lower teeth.2 mm is ideal.
 
Retainer
These are the mandatory removable/fixed appliances delivered by the orthodontist after the treatment is over to avoid shifting of teeth.
 
Retention
This is the terminal phase of orthodontic treatment in which retainers are used.
 
Straight wire appliance
This is an orthodontic philosophy which does not involve any wire bandings as all the prescriptions for tooth position are incorporated into the bracket itself.
 
Perio Evaluation
Perio Evaluation comprises of a general evaluation of the gingivae, the supporting bone and other aspects of Periodontium.
 
Implants
A permanent and fixed prosthetic alteration to missing tooth without disturbing any of the adjacent teeth
 
Gingival Contouring
It is the esthetic scalloping of the gingival margin along the buccal and lingual surfaces of teeth supported by a healthy Periodontium.
 
Gingival Recession
Gingival recession can be defined as the apical shift of the marginal gingiva from its normal position on the crown of the tooth to levels on the root surface beyond the cemento-enamel junction.
 
Ridge Augmentation
Surgical augmentation of the deficient bone, that might have been lost due to a traumatic extraction being one of the major reasons, with the help of an allograft or autograft bone graft to aid in the success and stability of an implant.
 
Soft tissue Ridge Augmentation
It is the soft tissue counterpart of a bone graft mostly for enhancing the final esthetic result of an implant prosthetic restoration. The most common autograft used for soft tissue ridge augmentation is a Connective Tissue Graft harvested from the patient’s palate. Recently, a cellular Dermal Matrix Allograft (ADMA) has been a choice as it avoids harvesting the Connective Tissue from the patient’s palate.
 
Crown lengthening
It is a surgical procedure to expose 3-4 mm of the tooth structure by the removal of the supporting bone (ostectomy) to facilitate better esthetic and functional results for a crown.
 
Laser
It is a contemporary alternative to traditional needle and blade periodontal surgical procedures. LANAP (Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedures) is one of the Laser assisted procedures that could accelerate the postoperative healing for the patient with very minimal discomfort.
 
Extraction
It is the removal of a tooth from its supporting bone structure under local/general anesthesia.
 
Alveoplasty
It is the shaping of the bone without removing the supporting bone to facilitate seating of a denture and reducing discomfort for the patient.
 
Biopsy
It is the surgical removal of a small part or the whole diseased lesion in the mouth (excisional/incisional biopsy) done for examining the lesion under microscope.
 
Incision and Drainage
It is a procedure done to mostly drain out an abscess due to infection. A small cut is made at the peak of the soft tissue swelling to facilitate draining of the pus from the abscess.
 
Lesion Evaluation
It is the evaluation of intra and extra oral hard and soft tissue with the help of dental instruments and other aids like lnfra red rays.
 
Exposure
It is the removal of hard/soft tissue from over the crown of an unerupted tooth to facilitate its natural eruption.
 
Hard Tissue
It comprises of the bone and tooth in the mouth.
 
Infection
It is the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms.
 
Expose and Bond
It is the placement of an orthodontic bracket/button after the surgical exposure of the clinical crown to force erupt the tooth through the hard and soft tissue.
 
Soft Tissue
It comprises of the gingivae, muscles including tongue, buccal mucosa, and palatal tissue in the mouth.
 
Frenectomy
It is the surgical removal of the muscle fibers from the periosteum mostly between the upper two central incisors to facilitate their movement together.
 
Cleft Lip & palate
It is the non-union of the right and left maxillary shelves at the time of pre-natal development. It could be bilateral or unilateral
 
TMJ
It is a ball and socket joint that connects the mandible to the maxilla at the glenoid fossa.
 
Facial Surgery
This is an umbrella term used to describe various different extra oral surgeries to facilitate the functional and esthetic appearance of a patient.
 
Anesthesia
It is a pharmacologically induced and reversible state of amnesia, analgesia, loss of responsiveness, loss of skeletal muscle reflexes or decreased stress response, or all simultaneously. This allows patients to undergo surgery and other procedures without the distress and pain they would otherwise experience.
 
Sedation
It is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.
 
Nitrous Oxide
Commonly known as laughing gas is a chemical compound with the formula N2O. It is an oxide of nitrogen. At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas with a slightly sweet odor and taste. It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic effects. It is known as "laughing gas" due to the euphoric effects of inhaling it, a property that has led to its recreational use as a dissociative anesthetic.
 
Root Canal therapy
It is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth, which results in the elimination of infection and protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. This set of procedures is commonly referred to as a "root canal".
 
Retreatment
It is the retreatment of an endodontic treatment done previously that was not appropriately done.
 
Apicoectomy
It is an endodontic surgical procedure whereby a tooth ‘s root tip is removed and a root end cavity is prepared and filled with a biocompatible material.
 
Post Space
It is the space made after the completion of the root canal therapy to facilitate the placement of a post and a core subsequently.
 
Bone Graft
It is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone with material from the patient's own body, an artificial, synthetic, or natural substitute.
 
Biopsy
It is a medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination. It is the medical removal of tissue from a living subject to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The tissue is generally examined under a microscope by a pathologist, and can also be analyzed chemically.
 
Hemisection
It is the splitting of a tooth into two halves with its roots after endodontic treatment is completed for that tooth
Pulp exposure- It is an accidental exposure of the pulp chamber during a cavity preparation when the decay has reached very close to the pulp chamber.
 
General evaluation
It is the general evaluation of a pediatric patient in relation to his/her dental and skeletal health.
 
Cleanings
It is the preliminary removal of plaque and debris and other build up on the clinical crowns.
 
Fluoride applications
It is the topical application of fluorides after tooth cleaning to facilitate avoidance of any further decay on teeth.
 
Sealants
Sealants protect the grooved and pitted surfaces of the teeth, especially the chewing surfaces of back teeth where most cavities in children are found. Made of clear or shaded plastic, sealants are applied to the teeth to help keep them cavity-free.
 
Brushing
It is the mechanical removal of plaque, debris and other deposits on a child’s teeth with the help of toothbrush and paste.
 
Flossing
It is either a bundle of thin nylon filaments or a plastic (Teflon or polyethylene) ribbon used to remove food and dental plaque from teeth. The floss is gently inserted between the teeth and scraped along the teeth sides, especially close to the gums. Dental floss may be flavored or unflavored, and waxed or unwaxed. An alternative tool to achieve the same effect is the interdental brush.
 
Extractions
It is the removal of a tooth from its supporting bone structure under local/general anesthesia
 
Space Maintenance
It is the maintenance of space with the help of fixed intra oral appliances after the premature natural/surgical removal of a baby tooth until the permanent teeth erupts in its place.
 
Oral habits
Oral habits behaviors include, among others, digit sucking, pacifier sucking, lip sucking and biting, nail biting, bruxism, self-injurious habits, mouth breathing, and tongue thrust. Nonnutritive sucking behaviors (eg, finger or pacifier sucking) are considered normal in infants and young children and usually are associated with their need to satisfy the urge for contact and security.
 
Caries
Also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is a disease where bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure (enamel, dentin and cementum)
 
Crowns
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth - covering the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and/or to improve its appearance
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